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Agriculture Contributes 25% of the Uganda’s Economy


According to the report, Agriculture contributes 25% of Uganda’s GDP and employs more than 72% of Ugandans and  currently contributes 52% of the country’s total exports.

Horticulture contribution to GDP stands at $35m as of 2019.

Due to government efforts, 35% of Uganda’s 80% arable land is under cultivation, the first time in Uganda’s history and this is attributed to inputs availed through Operation Wealth Creation.

Maize alone exported to regional market totalled $719m as of (June 2019).
Coffee is Uganda’s second largest commodity export after tourism.

The report adds that about 7 million households in Uganda grow coffee, while 42% of the country’s population is directly or indirectly involved in the coffee sector.
In the financial year 2018/19, Uganda earned USD 9M from coffee exports and
in the last 03 years UCDA has distributed 544,530,184 million seedlings
In the financial year of 2017/18, coffee production stood at 63 million (60kg bags and the volume of coffee exports was 4.45m (60Kg bags) valued at USD 492M, which represented a 40% increase in value. Government targets 20 million bags by 2025.
From 2014 to 2018 77million coffee seedlings were planted. Increased output from 4m – 4.7m bags.

In the Financial year of 2018/19, tea exports generated USD 7m (Shs 336Bn) in revenue and 15 new factories have been established in the tea growing districts of Kyenjojo, Buhweju, Kanungu, Bushenyi, Rukiga, Kisoro, Kamwenge, Mbarara, Luweero and Ntungamo.

The report stresses that in the financial year 2015/16, USD 115.1m that has since increased to 53 M in 2017/18 this is attributed to the efforts of the Fisheries Protection Unit. In 2019 alone, Ushs 635Bn was earned from fish exports.
Nile perch fish stocks and other stocks have increased by 31%, leading to reopening of 04 fish factories that had earlier closed; Gomba in Jinja, IFTRA in Kampala, Marine and Agro in Jinja, Ngege in Kampala, in total marking increase in operation capacity from 91 metric tons per day in 2017 to 150 metric tons in 2018 and a 26% increase in the value of fish exports in 2018.

Milk production has also increased from 300M litres in 1999 to 8 Bn litres in 2019.
Value of marketed milk has continued to increase each year with a 15% increase from USD 716 Million in 2015 to USD 850 million (about Ushs 3.1 Tn in 2018),  milk processing capacity increased to 2 million litres by the end of the year.

Due to increased quality, Ugandan dairy exports increased from USD 60m in 2016 and reached a staggering USD 143million in 2018.
In FY 2018/19/ 520 valley tanks of between 5000-10,000 cubic metres were dug.

In implementation of the National irrigation policy rehabilitation and development of irrigation schemes Wadelai, Tochi, Mubuku, Doho and Ngege.
Presidential Initiative to promote Agro-Industrialization for Local Economic Development (AGRI-LED) launched. Creation of regional farm service centers on going.

There has been also construction of markets under the Markets and Agriculture Trade Improvements Programme (MATIP)

Below is how each region faired..;

Fort portal – 28 Billion
Lira – 28 Billion
Wandegeya – 28 Billion
Jinja Central – 28 Billion
Gulu Central – 28 Billion
Mbarara Central -21 Billion
Arua Central – 34.9 Billion.

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